An Analysis Of Dumfries, Virginia

The Interesting Tale Of Chaco Canyon National Park In New Mexico, USA

Lets visit Chaco Canyon National Monument (North West New Mexico) from Dumfries, VA. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Rainwater was captured in wells, dammed in areas created in Chaco clean's arroyo, an creek that is intermittently flowing formed the canyon and Chaco Wash. The arroyo also had ponds, to which the runoff was diverted through a network of ditches. The timber sources that were essential for building roofs and levels that are higher-story once plentiful in the canyon. However, they vanished around the Chacoan fluorescence due to drought or deforestation. Chacoans traveled 80 km on foot from the north and south to reach coniferous forests to the west and cut the trees down. They then dried them and returned to the canyon to lug them home. It was a difficult task considering that every tree had to be carried by several individuals and took a long time. Chaco Canyon's Preplanned Landscape. Although Chaco Canyon was home to a amount that is large of at a level never before seen in this region, it was only one component of the larger linked area that led to the Chacoan civilisation. There were over 200 settlements outside the canyon with great mansions, grand kivas, and the same stone design and magnificence whilst the ones inside. These sites, although most common in the San Juan Basin had been spread over an certain area greater than England's Colorado Plateau. Chacoans created a network of roads to link these settlements with one another. They dug and levelled the ground, and quite often added clay curbs or masonry supports. A majority of these roads began in large buildings within and outside the canyon. They then extended outwards in beautiful sections that are straight. Cocoa is a sign of a movement of ideas and products, from Mesoamerican to Chaco. The Maya civilization venerated cacaoo. They used it to make beverages, which were then frothed back-and-forth that is using jars. The Cacao residue was found on potsherds at the canyon. It is most likely that it was found within tall jars that are cylindrical similar to those used for Maya rituals. These high-priced trade goods, along with cacao, were thought to experienced a ceremonial purpose. These items were found in huge quantities in the burial and storerooms of great houses. They also included artifacts with ritual meanings like flutes, flutes, and wood that is carved. A single space at Pueblo Bonito contained roughly 50,000 pieces turquoise and 4,000 pieces jet, a darker-colored stone that is sedimentary. There were also 14 macaw bone pieces. The San Juan Basin's 50 drought began around 1130 CE, according to tree ring data year. Chaco's life was already difficult through the average rainy season. A drought that is prolonged have caused a shortage of resources and precipitated the decline of civilization. This would have led to the exodus of many outlying areas and the destruction of Chaco. It would were the beginning of the Century that is 13th CE. The evidence of sealing large houses and burning great kivas indicates a possible spiritual acceptance of these changes. This possibility is made easier by Puebloan origin stories that migration played a central role.

The average family size in Dumfries, VA is 4.02 household members, with 61.9% owning their very own houses. The mean home value is $. For those leasing, they pay on average $1634 monthly. 65.5% of homes have 2 incomes, and an average household income of $63780. Median income is $31719. 18.7% of citizens survive at or below the poverty line, and 3.3% are considered disabled. 7.9% of residents are former members associated with the armed forces.

Dumfries, Virginia is situated in Prince William county, and includes a residents of 5922, and is part of the higher Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-P metro area. The median age is 24.7, with 18.6% of the residents under 10 years old, 24.8% between 10-19 years old, 10.9% of town residents in their 20’s, 15.4% in their thirties, 14.3% in their 40’s, 10.1% in their 50’s, 3.4% in their 60’s, 1.3% in their 70’s, and 1.2% age 80 or older. 45.3% of citizens are male, 54.7% female. 40.9% of residents are reported as married married, with 18.2% divorced and 38.7% never wedded. The % of citizens confirmed as widowed is 2.2%.