Now, Let's Give Clifford A Once Over

Clifford, Pennsylvania is situated in Susquehanna county, and has a populace of 2503, and exists within the greater metro region. The median age is 46.6, with 8.1% of this populace under ten several years of age, 12.5% are between ten-19 years old, 8.7% of residents in their 20’s, 10.2% in their thirties, 14.6% in their 40’s, 19.7% in their 50’s, 10.9% in their 60’s, 10.7% in their 70’s, and 4.6% age 80 or older. 47.3% of town residents are male, 52.7% women. 52.8% of residents are recorded as married married, with 12.9% divorced and 27.8% never wedded. The percentage of citizens confirmed as widowed is 6.6%.

Lets Travel From Clifford To Chaco Canyon Park

Lets visit North West New Mexico's Chaco National Historical Park from Clifford. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.  Rainwater was captured in wells and dammed areas formed in the arroyo (an creek that is intermittently running that shaped the canyon, Chaco Wash, as well as ponds to which runoff was diverted by a series of ditches. Timber sources, which were necessary for the construction of roofs and story that is upper, were formerly present in the canyon but vanished around the time of the Chacoan fluorescence owing to drought or deforestation. As an effect, Chacoans went 80 kilometers on foot to coniferous woods to the south and west, cutting down trees, peeling them, and drying them for an period that is extended of to minimize weight before returning and lugging them back to the canyon. This was no undertaking that is easy given that hauling each tree would have required a multi-day travel by a group of people, and that more than 200,000 trees were utilized for the three centuries of construction and renovation of the canyon's roughly dozen major great house and great kiva sites. Chaco Canyon's Pre-Planned Landscape Although Chaco Canyon had a high density of architecture on a scale never seen formerly into the region, it ended up being merely a small component in the heart of a wide interconnected area that created the Chacoan civilisation. Outside the canyon, there were more than 200 settlements with large mansions and great kivas that used the same characteristic brick design and style as those found in the canyon, but on a smaller scale. While these websites were most abundant in the San Juan Basin, they covered an area of the Colorado Plateau larger than England. Chacoans built an extensive system of roadways to connect these settlements to the canyon and to one another by excavating and leveling the underlying ground and, in some cases, adding clay or masonry curbs for support. These roads frequently began at huge buildings within and beyond the canyon, extending outward in remarkably straight parts.   Chacoans traveled north, south, and west to nearby cities with less marginal surroundings, reflecting Chacoan influence throughout this period. Extended droughts, which persisted into the 13th century CE, precluded the re-creation of an integrated system comparable to Chaco and led to the dispersion of Chacoan peoples throughout the Southwest. Their descendants, contemporary people residing mostly in the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico, see Chaco as part of their ancestral homeland - a link confirmed by oral history traditions handed down from generation to generation. Significant vandalism occurred into the canyon in the second half of the 19th century CE, with people tearing down parts of large house wall space, gaining access to chambers, and destroying material. The consequence of the devastation became obvious in archeological digs and surveys starting in 1896 CE, which led to the creation of the Chaco Canyon National Monument in 1907 CE, stopping looting that is rampant permitting systematic archeological investigations. In 1980 CE, the monument was extended and renamed Chaco Culture National Historical Park and in 1987 CE was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Puebloan descendants preserve their connection to a accepted place that serves as their shared past's lifestyle memory by coming back to admire their ancestors' spirits.   Chetro Ketl, Chaco's 2nd largest mansion has 500 rooms and 16 kivas. It is D-shaped, in the middle of a large square. There are hundreds interconnected rooms, multi-story structures, and it looks very similar to Pueblo Bonito. It took approximately 50 million stones to cut and sculpt Chetro Ketl. What makes Chetro Ketl special is its center square. Without the use of wheeled vehicles, or animals tamed by them, the Chacoans transported large amounts of earth and rock to the square at 12 feet above normal terrain. While you walk down the road near the cliff's edge, notice a staircase and handholds built into the rock. It is part of the route that is straight connects Chetro Ketl with Pueblo Alto. This large residence can be found atop a cliff. Tip: To see additional petroglyphs along the cliffs, take the Chetro-Bonito Village route. Pueblo Bonito, "the heart of the World of Chaco", is the largest and oldest home that is big. Complex was built in D format, with 36 kivas and 600-800 linked spaces. Pueblo Bonito was made use of as an astronomical, burial, trading, ceremony and storage centre. Pueblo Bonito burial caches are composed of a collar made from 2,000 turquoise squares. They also include a turquoise conch-shell and plume trumpets. Quilting and Arrows and squares that are ceremonial. They were buried with people of high rank. Tip: The Visitor Center has a pamphlet that describes every true number in the complex.

The typical household size in Clifford, PA is 2.82 family members members, with 78.8% being the owner of their own domiciles. The mean home cost is $195162. For those paying rent, they spend an average of $661 monthly. 49.3% of homes have dual incomes, and an average household income of $62992. Average income is $30190. 10.2% of residents survive at or beneath the poverty line, and 14.5% are considered disabled. 7% of residents are former members for the US military.