Basic Facts: West Bethlehem

West Bethlehem, PA-Sky City

Lets visit Chaco Culture National Monument in NW New Mexico, USA from West Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Based from the use of similar buildings by current Puebloan peoples, these rooms had been areas that are probably common for rites and gatherings, with a fireplace in the middle and room access supplied by a ladder extending through a smoke hole in the ceiling. Large kivas, or "great kivas," were able to accommodate hundreds of people and stood alone when not integrated into a housing that is large, frequently constituting a center location for surrounding villages made of (relatively) little buildings. To sustain large buildings that are multi-story held rooms with floor spaces and ceiling heights far greater than those of pre-existing houses, Chacoans erected gigantic walls employing a "core-and-veneer" method variant. An core that is inner of sandstone with mud mortar created the core to which slimmer facing stones were joined to produce a veneer. These walls were approximately one meter thick at the base, tapering as they ascended to conserve weight--an indication that builders planned the upper stories during the original building in other instances. While these mosaic-style veneers remain evident today, adding to these structures' remarkable beauty, Chacoans plastered plaster to many interior and exterior walls after construction was total to preserve the mud mortar from water harm. Starting with Chetro Ketl's building, Chaco Canyon, projects for this magnitude needed a huge number of three vital materials: sandstone, water, and lumber. Employing stone tools, Chacoans mined then molded and faced sandstone from canyon walls, choosing hard and dark-colored tabular stone at the most effective of cliffs during initial building, going as styles altered during later construction to softer and bigger tan-colored stone lower down cliffs. Liquid, essential to build mud mortar and plaster combined with sand, silt and clay, was marginal and accessible only during short and summer that is typically heavy.   Natural sandstone reservoirs had been perhaps not the actual only real sources of precipitation. Rainwater has also been collected in dammed and well-constructed areas in Chaco Wash's arroyo, an creek that is intermittently flowing cuts the canyon. Also, runoff from the ditches went to ponds where it was channeled. The canyon used to be rich in timber, which was essential for building roofs or higher stories. However, this has been lost due to deforestation and drought. Chacoans traveled 80 km by walking from the canyon to reach forests that are coniferous the west and south, cutting down the trees, then peeling them and drying them for a longer time before they returned to the canyon. It was no small feat considering that each tree required a long trip by several people. Additionally, approximately 200,000 trees were used during three centuries of construction and upkeep of twelve houses that are large large kivas within the canyon. Canyon's Designed Landscape. Chaco Canyon was home to a large amount of unusually building that is high-density however it was just a small portion of the vast linked land that gave rise to your Chacoan civilisation. There were more than 200 settlements that had large buildings or kivas that is large used the same brick architecture and style as those found outside of the canyon. These sites were more common in the San Juan Basin but they also covered a greater area of Colorado Plateau than England. Chacoans created a complex road network to connect the various settlements with the canyon. They dug and levelled the surface, adding clay curbs and stone supports. They are often built in canyons with large houses, and extend outward in amazing sections that are straight. Even if steep shapes that are widespread in the South West of America (in other words., mesas and buttes) crossed their paths, Chacoans preserved the linearity of the streets, rather than opting to build stairs or ramps on the face. Considering the significant disadvantage of this strategy and the fact that numerous roads were created at no clear destinations and more broad than necessary for conveyance by foot (many 9 meters), the roads may mainly serve a symbolic or spiritual function, leading some type of pilgrims to rites or other meetings. Some big buildings were positioned in line of sight and shrines on the next mesa tops to allow more fast communication, allowing the signaling of neighboring homes as well as from remote places by fire or by reflecting the sun. In Chaco Canyon, Fajada Butte has a presence that is major. The practice that is prevalent of buildings and roads with cardinal directions and sun and moon positions at essential seasons such as solstices, equinoxes and lunar standstills was to supply more structure and connectedness to the Chacoan environment. For example, the wall on the front of the Plaza of the Pueblo that is magnificent Bonito oriented to the east, the north, and the location is placed to the west of Chetro Ketl. The Casa Rinconada, a diameter that is 19m kiva situated inside the Canyon, features two opposing interior T-shaped doores along the north-south axis and two outside doors, focused to the east and west, through which the rising sun's light just passes directly on the afternoon of the equinox.  

The typical family size in West Bethlehem, PA is 2.85 household members, with 85% being the owner of their particular houses. The mean home cost is $124255. For those paying rent, they pay out an average of $831 per month. 46.2% of homes have dual sources of income, and an average domestic income of $62596. Average income is $27083. 5.3% of citizens live at or below the poverty line, and 18.2% are handicapped. 10.6% of residents are ex-members associated with the military.

The work force participation rate in West Bethlehem is 53.4%, with an unemployment rate of 6.3%. For the people within the labor pool, the common commute time is 31.8 minutes. 4.3% of West Bethlehem’s community have a graduate degree, and 11.6% have a bachelors degree. For many without a college degree, 28.9% attended at least some college, 47.3% have a high school diploma, and just 7.8% have an education less than senior school. 1.3% are not covered by health insurance.

West Bethlehem, Pennsylvania is found in Washington county, and includes a residents of 1366, and is part of the higher Pittsburgh-New Castle-Weirton, PA-OH-WV metropolitan region. The median age is 47.8, with 9.6% for the community under 10 years of age, 12.6% between 10-19 years old, 11.2% of inhabitants in their 20’s, 6.7% in their thirties, 16.1% in their 40’s, 12.7% in their 50’s, 15% in their 60’s, 10.2% in their 70’s, and 5.8% age 80 or older. 49% of residents are male, 51% female. 60.9% of inhabitants are recorded as married married, with 8.7% divorced and 23.4% never wedded. The percent of people confirmed as widowed is 7.1%.